CPU(Central processing unit

又称作处理器,执行指令集进行算术、逻辑、控制和输入输出操作。常见的处理器品牌有Intel、AMD、ARM等

linux查看处理器信息 cat /proc/cpuinfo

核心

处理器的基本运算单元

指令集(Instruction set architecture

被处理器执行的语言,如X86指令集,ARM指令集

linux 查看uname -p

微架构(Microarchitecture

指令集的实现,如ARMv8,设计需要考虑工艺、频率、功耗等

芯片(System on chip)

一块集成电路,包含了CPU、微控制器、存储、外围设备等

 

参考

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_processing_unit

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instruction_set_architecture

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microarchitecture

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System_on_a_chip

https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/27187675

 

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